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Quanzhou
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Sight Seeing

Major tourist attractions in Quanzhou include the Qingyuan Hill, Kaiyuan Temple, Qingshui Rock, Tianhou Temple, Confucian Temple, Luoyang Bridge, Qingjing Mosque, Longshan Temple, Chongwu Ancient Town, Kiln of Qudou Temple, Tomb of Zheng Chenggong, Moslem Saint Tombs, Anping Bridge, Jiuri Mountain, Chengtian Temple and Gusao Pagoda.

Quanzhou's food is famous for its unique flavors, wide variety, nutrition and tastiness. Local dishes include gruel cooked from thread-like noodles, Haozaijian, Shishi Tian, Shenhu Fish Ball and Yongchun Bangshe.

Kaiyuan Temple

Kaiyuan Temple

Kaiyuan temple, first constructed in 686, was originally named the Lotus Flower Temple. The temple was later renamed several times until finally in 738, the Tang Emperor Xuan Zong, a devout Buddhist, ordered every large town in China to name one of its temples "Kaiyuan," the title of his reign. The temple has since been known as Kaiyuan Temple.

The Kaiyuan temple is one of the outstanding examples of Chinese architecture and art. There are numerous other stone carvings in the temple - figures resembling the Sphinx, animal heads and birds, dragons and tigers. Interestingly there are columns here in ancient Greek style. Many of these rare art works were once religious decorations on other buildings in Quanzhou, later moved to Kaiyuan Temple.

Qingyuan Hill

Located in the northern suburbs of Quanzhou, it is a beautiful rocky hill with clear streams and luxuriant woods. It has been a scenic attraction ever since the Tang Dynasty (618-907) and is known as the "first fairyland of Fujian." The statue of Lao Zi- forefather and founder of Taoism-in sitting position on the hill is 5 meters tall, 7 meters deep, and 7 meters wide. It was made of a single piece of rock during the Song Dynasty (960-1279). The smiling face and flying beard of the statue bring to life the kindly character of this legendary old man.

Qingyuan Hill
Luoyang Bridge

Luoyang Bridge

Spanning the Luoyang River about ten kilometers northeast of Quanzhou, this bridge was completed in 1053 during the Northern Song Dynasty after six years and eight months of hard work. It was originally 1,200 meters long and five meters wide, with 46 piers and 500 balusters decorated with 28 stone lions, seven stone pavilions, and nine stone pagodas. It is one of the most famous beam bridges of ancient China.

Quanzhou Ceramic Culture

"Dehua has many beautiful ceramics", is how the Italian traveller Marko Polo described Dehua. Porcelain manufacture has a long history in Dehua. Well-known both in China and overseas for its top quality, fine workmanship, the porcelain industry in Dehua is regarded as one of the three major porcelain capitals in China, together with Jingde town of Jiangxi Province and Lilin of Hunan Province. In Ming Dynasty, the "Ivory White" ceramics developed by the great master He Chaozong surprised the world and was named "China White" by the westerners. People describe Dehua top white porcelain as "white as snow, thin as paper, bright as mirror" and describe Dehua Jianbai porcelain as "smooth and transparent as condensed lipid and frozen jade". The porcelain Kuanyin made in Dehua is called "Oriental Venus".

Quanzhou Ceramic Culture
Culture of Hui-an Women Costumes

Culture of Hui - an Women Costumes

He costume culture of Hui - an women dates back into the ancient China. They wore a yellow scarf, a blue short blouse, silver chain and large trousers, which are unique in the national costume culture. The blue short blouse displays the colour of sea and sky, the yellow bamboo hats symbol the land and beach; the flowery scarf indicates the movement of mountain flowers and sea waves. The blouses are tight and short, exposing the navel, displays their characters of being bold, flexible, but extravert. The costume of Hui - an women is always focused on the body above the waist, especially on the head decoration which differs in patterns, occasions and ages. When Hui-an women attend weddings or ceremonies, the head decoration should be bright and colourful to display the “happiness”. The old women of Hui - an usually have a bob on the back of the head and wear a black scarf with pins decorated with beads and flowers, which displays a unique style.

Liyuan Opera

Quanzhou Liyuan opera is a rare and valuable opera in China, because it still preserves the characteristics of Southern opera from Tang and Song Dynasties. Originating in Quanzhou, it has spread to Taiwan and the Southeast Asian Countries in the footsteps of the emigrants from Quanzhou. Having preserved a large repertoire of southern opera from Song, Yuan and Ming Dynasties, Liyuan opera has been called the “living fossil” of opera and is one of the oldest operas existing in China.

Liyuan opera is sung by Quan melody. It has preserved a lot of important music from Tang Dynasty and Song Dynasty and is closely related with the ancient music - Southern Tone. The music of Liyuan opera is mainly played by the bamboo flute and string music instruments.

Liyuan Opera
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